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The ultimate library to perform background processing on the JVM.
Dead simple API. Extensible. Reliable.
Distributed and backed by persistent storage.
Open and free for commercial use.


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Overview

BackgroundJob.enqueue(() -> System.out.println("This is all you need for distributed jobs!"));

Incredibly easy way to perform fire-and-forget, delayed, scheduled and recurring jobs inside Java applications using only Java 8 lambda's. CPU and I/O intensive, long-running and short-running jobs are supported. Persistent storage is done via either RDBMS (e.g. Postgres, MariaDB/MySQL and Oracle) or NoSQL (ElasticSearch, MongoDB and Redis).

JobRunr provides a unified programming model to handle background tasks in a reliable way and runs them on shared hosting, dedicated hosting or in the cloud (hello Kubernetes) within a JVM instance.

Feedback

Thanks for building JobRunr, I like it a lot! Before that I used similar libraries in Ruby and Golang and JobRunr so far is the most pleasant one to use. I especially like the dashboard, it’s awesome! Alex Denisov

View more feedback on jobrunr.io.

Features

  • Simple: just use Java 8 lambda's to create a background job.
  • Distributed & cluster-friendly: guarantees execution by single scheduler instance using optimistic locking.
  • Persistent jobs: using either a RDMBS (four tables and a view) or a noSQL data store.
  • Embeddable: built to be embedded in existing applications.
  • Minimal dependencies: (ASM, slf4j and either jackson and jackson-datatype-jsr310, gson or a JSON-B compliant library).

Usage scenarios

Some scenarios where it may be a good fit:

  • within a REST api return response to client immediately and perform long-running job in the background
  • mass notifications/newsletters
  • calculations of wages and the creation of the resulting documents
  • batch import from xml, csv or json
  • creation of archives
  • firing off web hooks
  • image/video processing
  • purging temporary files
  • recurring automated reports
  • database maintenance
  • updating elasticsearch/solr after data changes
  • …and so on

You can start small and process jobs within your web app or scale horizontally and add as many background job servers as you want to handle a peak of jobs. JobRunr will distribute the load over all the servers for you. JobRunr is also fault-tolerant - is an external web service down? No worries, the job is automatically retried 10-times with a smart back-off policy.

JobRunr is a Java alternative to HangFire, Resque, Sidekiq, delayed_job, Celery and is similar to Quartz and Spring Task Scheduler.

Screenshots

   
   
   

Usage

Fire-and-forget tasks

Dedicated worker pool threads execute queued background jobs as soon as possible, shortening your request's processing time.

BackgroundJob.enqueue(() -> System.out.println("Simple!"));

Delayed tasks

Scheduled background jobs are executed only after a given amount of time.

BackgroundJob.schedule(() -> System.out.println("Reliable!"), Instant.now().plusHours(5));

Recurring tasks

Recurring jobs have never been simpler; just call the following method to perform any kind of recurring task using the CRON expressions.

BackgroundJob.scheduleRecurringly("my-recurring-job", () -> service.doWork(), Cron.daily());

Process background tasks inside a web application…

You can process background tasks in any web application and we have thorough support for Spring - JobRunr is reliable to process your background jobs within a web application.

… or anywhere else

Like a Spring Console Application, wrapped in a docker container, that keeps running forever and polls for new background jobs.

See https://www.jobrunr.io for more info.

Installation

Using Maven?

JobRunr is available in Maven Central - all you need to do is add the following dependency:

<dependency>
   <groupId>org.jobrunr</groupId>
<artifactId>jobrunr</artifactId>
<version>1.2.2</version>
</dependency>

Using Gradle?

Just add the dependency to JobRunr:

implementation 'org.jobrunr:jobrunr:1.2.2'

Configuration

Do you like to work Spring based?

Add the jobrunr-spring-boot-starter to your dependencies and you're almost ready to go! Just set up your application.properties:

# the job-scheduler is enabled by default
# the background-job-server and dashboard are disabled by default
org.jobrunr.job-scheduler.enabled=true
org.jobrunr.background-job-server.enabled=true
org.jobrunr.dashboard.enabled=true

Or do you prefer a fluent API?

Define a javax.sql.DataSource and put the following code on startup:

@SpringBootApplication
public class JobRunrApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(JobRunrApplication.class, args);
    }

    @Bean
    public JobScheduler initJobRunr(DataSource dataSource, JobActivator jobActivator) {
        return JobRunr.configure()
                .useStorageProvider(SqlStorageProviderFactory
                          .using(dataSource))
                .useJobActivator(jobActivator)
                .useDefaultBackgroundJobServer()
                .useDashboard()
                .initialize();
    }
}

Contributing

See CONTRIBUTING for details on submitting patches and the contribution workflow.

How can I contribute?

  • Take a look at issues with tag called Good first issue
  • Join the discussion on gitter.
  • Answer questions on issues.
  • Fix bugs reported on issues, and send us pull request.

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