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ListPool

Allocation-free implementation of IList<T> using ArrayPool with two variants, ListPool<T> and ValueListPool<T>

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Installation

Available on nuget

PM> Install-Package ListPool

Requirements:

  • System.Memory (>= 4.5.3)

Introduction

When performance matter, ListPool provides all the goodness of ArrayPool with the usability of IList<T>, support for Span<T> and serialization.

It has two high-performance variants ListPool<T> and ValueListPool<T>.

We recommend to use ListPool<T> over ValueListPool<T> for most of use-cases. You should use ValueListPool<T> when working with small collections of primitive types with stackalloc, or when reusing arrays.

Differences:

  • ListPool<T>:

    • ReferenceType
    • Serializable
    • Because it is a class it has a constant heap allocation of ~56 bytes regardless the size
  • ValueListPool<T>:

    • Stack-only (It is a ref struct)
    • Allocation-free
    • Can be created using stackalloc or an array as initial buffer
    • Cannot be serialized/deserialized
    • Because it is ValueType when it is passed to other methods, it is passed by copy, not by reference. In case it is required to be updated, it is required to use the "ref" modifier in the parameter.

Benchmarks

To see all the benchmarks and details, please click the following link https://github.com/faustodavid/ListPool/tree/main/perf/docs/results

Inserting an item in the middle of the list

You can observe that ListPool<T> Mean is faster and it does not allocate in the heap when resizing. Zero heap allocation is vital to improve throughput by reducing "GC Wait" time.

Create list indicating the capacity, adding N items and performing a foreach

By indicating the capacity, we avoid regrowing, which is one of the slowest operations for List<T>, so we can pay more attention to already well-optimized scenarios by improving the Add and Enumeration time. As you can observe, ListPool<T> Mean is faster and has 40 bytes of heap allocations, which are used to create the class.

Doing a foreach in a list of N size.

ListPool enumeration is way faster than List for small and large sizes.

How to use

ListPool<T> and ValueListPool<T> implement IDisposable. After finishing their use, you must dispose the list.

Examples

Deserialization:

static async Task Main()
{
   var httpClient = HttpClientFactory.Create();
   var stream = await httpClient.GetStreamAsync("examplePath");
   using var examples = await JsonSerializer.DeserializeAsync<ListPool<string>>(stream); 
   ...
}

Mapping domain object to dto:

Note: ListPool<T> is not been dispose at MapToResult. It is dispose at the caller.

static void Main()
{
  using ListPool<Example> examples = new GetAllExamplesUseCase().Query();
  using ListPool<ExampleResult> exampleResults = MapToResult(examples); 
  ...
}

public static ListPool<ExampleResult> MapToResult(IReadOnlyCollection<Example> examples)
{
  ListPool<ExampleResult> examplesResult = new ListPool<ExampleResult>(examples.Count);
  foreach (var example in examples)
  {
      examplesResult.Add(new ExampleResult(example));
  }

  return examplesResult;
}

Mapping a domain object to dto using LINQ (It perform slower than with foreach):

static void Main()
{
  using ListPool<Example> examples = new GetAllExamplesUseCase().Query();
  using ListPool<ExampleResult> examplesResult = examples.Select(example => new ExampleResult(example)).ToListPool();
  ...
}

Updating ValueListPool in other methods:

Note: The use of ref is required for ValueListPool<T> when it is updated in other methods because it is a ValueType. ListPool<T> does not require it.

static void Main()
{
  Span<int> initialBuffer = stackalloc int[500];
  ValueListPool<int> numbers = new ValueListPool<int>(initialBuffer, ValueListPool<int>.SourceType.UseAsInitialBuffer)
  for(int i; i < 500; i++)
  {
      numbers.Add(i);
  }

  AddNumbers(ref numbers);
  ...
  numbers.Dispose();
}

static void AddNumbers(ref ValueListPool<int> numbers)
{
  numbers.Add(1);
  numbers.Add(2);
}

Contributors

A big thanks to the project contributors!


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