Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source
Sponsorship

DotNet.Glob

A fast (probably the fastest) globbing library for .NET.

Branch Build Status NuGet
Master Build master NuGet
Develop Build status NuGet

This library does not use Regex - I wanted to make something faster. The latest benchmarks show that DotNet.Glob outperforms Regex - that was my goal for this library. The benchmarks use BenchmarkDotNet and can be located inside this repo. Just dotnet run them. Some Benchmark results have also been published on the wiki: https://github.com/dazinator/DotNet.Glob/wiki/Benchmarks-(vs-Compiled-Regex)

Usage

  1. Install the NuGet package. Install-Package DotNet.Glob
  2. Add using statement: using DotNet.Globbing;
  3. Parse a glob from a pattern
 var glob = Glob.Parse("p?th/*a[bcd]b[e-g]a[1-4][!wxyz][!a-c][!1-3].*");
 var isMatch = glob.IsMatch("pAth/fooooacbfa2vd4.txt"); // You can also use ReadOnlySpan<char> on supported platforms.

Build a glob fluently

You can also use the GlobBuilder class if you wish to build up a glob using a fluent syntax. This is also more efficient as it avoids having to parse the glob from a string pattern.

So to build the following glob pattern: /foo?\\*[abc][!1-3].txt:

  var glob = new GlobBuilder()
                .PathSeparator()
                .Literal("foo")
                .AnyCharacter()
                .PathSeparator(PathSeparatorKind.BackwardSlash)
                .Wildcard()
                .OneOf('a', 'b', 'c')
                .NumberNotInRange('1', '3')
                .Literal(".txt")
                .ToGlob();

   var isMatch = glob.IsMatch(@"/fooa\\barrra4.txt"); // returns true.

Patterns

The following patterns are supported (from wikipedia):

Wildcard Description Example Matches Does not match
* matches any number of any characters including none Law* Law, Laws, or Lawyer
? matches any single character ?at Cat, cat, Bat or bat at
[abc] matches one character given in the bracket [CB]at Cat or Bat cat or bat
[a-z] matches one character from the range given in the bracket Letter[0-9] Letter0, Letter1, Letter2 up to Letter9 Letters, Letter or Letter10
[!abc] matches one character that is not given in the bracket [!C]at Bat, bat, or cat Cat
[!a-z] matches one character that is not from the range given in the bracket Letter[!3-5] Letter1, Letter2, Letter6 up to Letter9 and Letterx etc. Letter3, Letter4, Letter5 or Letterxx

In addition, DotNet Glob also supports:

Wildcard Description Example Matches Does not match
** matches any number of path / directory segments. When used must be the only contents of a segment. /**/some.* /foo/bar/bah/some.txt, /some.txt, or /foo/some.txt

Escaping special characters

Wrap special characters ?, *, [ in square brackets in order to escape them. You can also use negation when doing this.

Here are some examples:

Pattern Description Matches
/foo/bar[[].baz match a [ after bar /foo/bar[.baz
/foo/bar[!!].baz match any character except ! after bar /foo/bar7.baz
/foo/bar[!]].baz match any character except an ] after bar /foo/bar7.baz
/foo/bar[?].baz match an ? after bar /foo/bar?.baz
/foo/bar[*]].baz match either a * or a ] after bar /foo/bar*.baz,/foo/bar].baz
/foo/bar[*][]].baz match *] after bar /foo/bar*].baz

ReadOnlySpan

ReadOnlySpan<char> is supported as of version 3.0.0 of this library. You can read more about Span here: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/mt814808.aspx

You must be targeting a platform that supports ReadOnlySpan<T> for this API to become available. These are currently:

  • .NET Core 2.1
  • Platforms that implement .NET Standard 2.1

Usage remains very similar, except you can use the overload that takes a ReadOnlySpan<char> as opposed to a string:

    var glob = Globbing.Glob.Parse("p?th/*a[bcd]b[e-g]a[1-4][!wxyz][!a-c][!1-3].*");
    var span = "pAth/fooooacbfa2vd4.txt".AsSpan();
    Assert.True(glob.IsMatch(span));

There should be some performance benefits in utilising this in conjunction with other Span based API's being added to the .net framework / .net standard.

Advanced Usages

Options.

DotNet.Glob allows you to set options at a global level, however you can also override these options on a per glob basis, by passing in your own GlobOptions instance to a glob.

To set global options, use GlobOptions.Default.

For example:

    // Overide the default options globally for all matche:
    GlobOptions.Default.Evaluation.CaseInsensitive = true;   
	DotNet.Globbing.Glob.Parse("foo").IsMatch("Foo"); // true; 

Or, override any global default options, by passing in your own instance of GlobOptions:

    GlobOptions options = new GlobOptions();
    options.Evaluation.CaseInsensitive = false;
    DotNet.Globbing.Glob.Parse("foo", options).IsMatch("Foo"); // false; 

Case Sensitivity (Available as of version >= 2.0.0)

By default, evaluation is case-sensitive unless you specify otherwise.

    GlobOptions options = new GlobOptions();
    options.Evaluation.CaseInsensitive = true;
    DotNet.Globbing.Glob.Parse("foo*", options).IsMatch("FOo"); // true; 

Setting CaseInsensitive has an impact on:

  • Letter Ranges. Any letter range (i.e '[A-Z]') will now match both lower or upper case characters.
  • Character Lists. Any character list (i.e '[ABC]') will now match both lower or upper case characters.
  • Literals. Any literal (i.e 'foo') will now match both lower or upper case characters i.e FoO will match foO etc.

Match Generation

Given a glob, you can generate random matches, or non matches, for that glob. For example, given the glob pattern /f?o/bar/**/*.txt you could generate matching strings like /foo/bar/ajawd/awdaw/adw-ad.txt or random non matching strings.

  var dotnetGlob = Glob.Parse(pattern);
  var generator = new GlobMatchStringGenerator(dotnetGlob.Tokens);

  for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
  {
          var testString = generator.GenerateRandomMatch();
          var result = dotnetGlob.IsMatch(testString);
          // result is always true.

          // generate a non match.
          testString = generator.GenerateRandomNonMatch();
          var result = dotnetGlob.IsMatch(testString);
           // result is always false.
  }


Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Topics
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.
c-sharp (11,128
csharp (927
glob (26

Find Open Source By Browsing 7,000 Topics Across 59 Categories