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cycle-idb

A cyclejs driver for IndexedDB. It uses idb to interface with IndexedDB. If you need more details about how to work with IndexedDB, the Google Developers Guide is a good place to start. If you are looking for more resources for cyclejs, check out awesome-cyclejs.

Warning: this library is in early development and it doesn't cover (yet) all the features available in IndexedDB (check Planned features). Any feedback, feature requests, bug reports or contributions are welcome, but should you decide to use cycle-idb in a production project, please be aware that you might find some issues.

Installation

cycle-idb is available through npm packages.

$ npm i cycle-idb

Usage

Take a look at the examples folder for complete samples.

Create IDB driver

The function makeIdbDriver accepts three arguments.

  • name: the name of the database
  • version: the version of the database. Whenever you add or modify new object stores, the version should be increased.
  • upgradeFn: a function that receives an UpgradeDB object and performs any updates required to the database.
import makeIdbDriver from 'cycle-idb'

const drivers = {
    IDB: makeIdbDriver('pony-db', 1, upgradeDb => {
        // Contains the current version of the database before upgrading
        upgradeDb.oldVersion
        // Creates a new store in the database
        upgradeDb.createObjectStore('ponies', { keyPath: 'name' })
    })
}

Query data

Cycle-idb is designed around subscribing to the data and receiving updates when that data changes.

function main(sources) {
    // This returns a stream that will emit an event every time the data in the 'ponies' store changes.
    const allPonies$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies').getAll()

    // This returns a stream that will emit an event every time the data in the 'ponies' store
    // with the primary key 'Twilight Sparkle' changes.
    const twilight$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies').get('Twilight Sparkle')

    // This returs a stream that will emit an event every time the count of objects in the 'ponies' store changes.
    const ponyCount$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies').count()

    // This returns a stream that will emit an event with all the keys in the store everytime an object is added or removed.
    const allKeys$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies').getAllKeys()
}

Key ranges

Cycle-idb provides a fluent api to use key ranges. For more information on IndexedDB key ranges, check IDBKeyRange.

The object returned by the store selector contains four selectors that map to the factories for IDBKeyRange:

  • only: accepts one parameter. Will return selectors for data matching the given key
  • bound: accepts a lower and upperparameters. Will return selectors for data where the key is within these limits.
  • lowerBound: accepts a lower parameter. Will return selectors for data where the key is higher than the given limit.
  • upperBound: accepts an upper parameter. Will return selectors for data where the key is lower than the given limit. All this selectors, return an object with the selectors get, getAll, getAllKeys and count.
function main(sources) {
    const ponyStore = sources.IDB.store('ponies')

    const twilight$ = ponyStore.only('Twilight Sparkle').get()
    const firstPonies$ = ponyStore.upperBound('R').getAll()
    const lastPoniesKeys$ = ponyStore.lowerBound('R').getAllKeys()
    const poniesFSCount$ = ponyStore.bound('F', 'S').count()
}

Custom queries

Cycle-idb allows to query based on a filtering function for use cases that cannot be covered with the provided selectors or indexes. The selector query is exposed for that purpose. The selector query returns a stream that will send an event with the objects in the store that fulfill the filtering function, and will send additional events every time an object that fulfills the filtering function is added, removed or modified.

function main(sources) {
    const tPonies$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies')
        .query(pony => pony.name.indexOf('t') !== -1)
}

Custom queries can also be used on indexes.

function main(sources) {
    const tUnicorns$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies')
        .index('type')
        .only('unicorn')
        .query(pony => pony.name.indexOf('t') !== -1)
}

Update data

The cycle-idb driver receives a stream that accepts a few database operations: add, put, update, delete and clear. Factories for these operations can be imported from the cycle-idb package.

  • add: adds an object to the store. If an object with the same primary key already exists, the operation will fail and send an error.
  • put: adds an object to the store, replacing it if an object with the same primary key already exists.
  • update: adds an object to the store. If an object with the same primary key already exists, it will update the object with the fields existing in the event, but keeping the fields that are not present in the event.
  • delete: removes any object from the store with the primary key sent in the event.
  • clear: removes all records from the store.
import fromDiagram from 'xstream/extra/fromDiagram'
import { $add, $put, $update, $delete, $clear } from 'cycle-idb'

function main(sources) {
    const updateDb$ = fromDiagram('-a-b-c-d-e-|', {
        values: {
            // Will add the entry 'Twilight Sparkle' to the store 'ponies'
            a: $put('ponies', { name: 'Twilight Sparkle', type: 'unicorn' }),
            // Will update the entry 'Twilight Sparkle', keeping the previous property 'type'
            b: $update('ponies', { name: 'Twilight Sparkle', element: 'magic' }),
            // Will remove 'Twilight Sparkle' from the store 'ponies'
            c: $delete('ponies', 'Twilight Sparkle'),
            // Will add the entry 'Rainbow Dash' to the store 'ponies'
            d: $add('ponies', { name: 'Rainbow Dash', type: 'pegasus' }),
            // Will remove everypony from the store 'ponies'
            e: $clear('ponies'),
        }
    })

    return {
        IDB: updateDb$,
    }
}

Indexes

Indexes allow to sort the data in a store according to a particular property or to query only a subset of the data.

Create indexes

Indexes are created in the upgrade function passed to makeIdbDriver. The created store objects exposes the method createIndex(indexName, keyPath, options), which is used for that purpose.

  • indexName: the name that will be used to query that specific index.
  • keyPath: the path to the index key.
  • options: an optional object with a few extra options.

You can check the documentation in IDBObjectStore.createIndex for additional details.

makeIdbDriver('pony-db', 1, upgradeDb => {
    const ponyStore = upgradeDb.createObjectStore('ponies', { keyPath: 'name' })
    ponyStore.createIndex('type', 'type')
})

Subscribe to indexes

The store method in the IDBDriver exposes the index selector, which can be used to select a specific index in the selected store.

const ponyTypeIndex = sources.IDB.store('ponies').index('type')

The index selector returns an object with the following methods:

  • get: returns a stream subscribed to the first item found matching the keyargument. This selector works better when the selected index is unique.
  • getAll: returns a stream subscribed to all items in the store that contain the selected index, sorted by the selected index. This method accepts an optional key argument. If provided, it will only subscribe to the items where the index property matches the provided key.
  • getAllKeys: returns a stream subscribed to the keys of all items in the store that contain the selected index. This method accepts an optional key argument. If provided, it will only subscribe to the items where the index property matches the provided key.
  • getKey: the same as getAllKeys but returns only the first object matching the index with the given key. This selector works better when the selected index is unique.
  • count: returns a stream subscribed the count of all items in the store that contain the selected index. This method accepts an optional argument key argument. If provided, it will only subscribe to the count of the items where the index property matches the provided key.

You can check the IDBIndex documentation for more details.

const ponyTypeIndex = sources.IDB.store('ponies').index('type')
const poniesByType$ = ponyTypeIndex.getAll() // This returns a stream subscribed to all ponies, sorted by 'type'
const unicorns$ = ponyTypeIndex.getAll('unicorn') // This returns a stream subscribed only to the ponies of type 'unicorn'

const ponyKeys$ = ponyTypeIndex.getAllKeys() // This returns a stream subscribed to all the keys of the ponies that have the 'type' property
const unicornKeys$ = ponyTypeIndex.getAllKeys('unicorn') // This returns a stream subscribed to all the keys of the ponies where the 'type' property has the value 'unicorn'

const ponyNameIndex$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies').index('name')
const twilight$ = ponyNameIndex.get('Twilight Sparkle') // This returns a stream subscribed to the pony 'Twilight Sparkle'

const unicornCount$ = ponyTypeIndex.count('unicorn') // This returns a stream subscribed to the count of unicorns

Key ranges

All key range selectors available in a store are also available for indexes.

const ponyNameIndex$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies').index('name')

const twilight$ = ponyNameIndex$.only('Twilight Sparkle').get()
const firstPonies$ = ponyNameIndex$.upperBound('R').getAll()
const lastPoniesKeys$ = ponyNameIndex$.lowerBound('R').getAllKeys()
const poniesFSCount$ = ponyNameIndex$.bound('F', 'S').count()

Custom queries

The query selector is also supported in indexes for custom filtering over an index.

const tUnicorns$ = sources.IDB.store('ponies')
    .index('type')
    .only('unicorn')
    .query(pony => pony.name.indexOf('t') !== -1)

Error handling

The cycle-idb driver exposes an error$ stream that broadcasts all errors that occur during any database writing operation. The error event is the error thrown by IndexedDB with the following data added:

  • query: an object containing the following properties:
    • operation: the operation being performed ('$put', '$update' or '$delete').
    • data: the data sent to the database operation.
    • store: the name of the store being updated.
function main(sources) {
    sources.IDB.error$
        .addListener({
            error: e => console.log(`Operation ${e.query.operation}(${e.query.data}) on store ${e.query.store} failed.`)
        })
}

Unfortunately, the exposed error$ doesn't broadcast errors occurred during reading operations, like the error thrown when querying a store object that doesn't exist.

To catch these errors, you need to add an error listener to the streams returned by the methods get(), getAll() and count() returned by IDB.store(...).

function main(sources) {
    sources.IDB.store('not-found')
        .getAll()
        .addListener({
            error: e => console.log(e)
        })
}

These listeners will also catch the errors raised by writing operations that affect the result of the query created by that method. This means that the stream returned by store('ponies').get('Twilight Sparkle') will also receive any error raised when updating the entry with the key 'Twilight Sparkle', and the streams returned by store('ponies').getAll() and store('ponies').count() will receive any error raised when updating the 'ponies' store.

Planned features

  • [x] Store selectors
    • [x] get
    • [x] getAll
    • [x] getAllKeys
    • [x] count
  • [x] Update operations
    • [x] put
    • [x] delete
    • [x] update
    • [x] add
    • [x] clear
  • [x] Index selectors
    • [x] get
    • [x] getAll
    • [x] getKey
    • [x] getAllKeys
    • [x] count
  • [ ] Support cursors
    • [x] Custom filtering over all items in store
    • [x] Custom filtering over items matching an index
    • [ ] Custom update over all items in store
    • [ ] Custom update over items matching an index.
  • [x] Support IDBKeyRange
    • [x] Key ranges in store selector
    • [x] Key ranges in index selector
  • [ ] Support IDBObserver

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