Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

RL Agent for Atari Game Pong

Demo

After about only one day of training the agent was able to score about at least 15 points in a game and win some of the games.

More training is needed for the agent to able to win all the games.

With few minor changes the code can be used in other gym environments as well.

demo.gif
The right player is the RL agent

Dependencies

numpy (1.16.4)
tensorflow (1.14.0)
keras (2.2.4)
gym (0.10.11)

Reinforcement Learning (RL)

Reinforcement learning is a branch of machine learning which concerned with learning from experience in an environment and maximize a reward signal.

rl.png
From Sutton & Barto Book

So as the above picture illustrates, in each time step, the agent receives the state of the environment and will take an action accordingly, then the environment will give him the reward of his action and the next state.

One case of these kinds of environment which an agent want to maximize its reward is video games.

The environment which I used in this project is the Pong game in OpenAI Gym.

In this environment, the state is an RGB image (210x160) and each action "repeatedly performed for a duration of k frames, where k is uniformly sampled from {2,3,4}" (there are 6 actions).

Who ever first reaches 21 will win the game.

To create an agent that will make a decision based on only the pixels of the given image(the state). I used the Deep Q-Network architecture which was proposed by the DeepMind paper.

The architecture of the network is as follow:

Layer (type)                 Output Shape              Param #   
=================================================================
conv2d_4 (Conv2D)            (None, 20, 20, 32)        8224      
_________________________________________________________________
conv2d_5 (Conv2D)            (None, 10, 10, 64)        32832     
_________________________________________________________________
conv2d_6 (Conv2D)            (None, 10, 10, 64)        36928     
_________________________________________________________________
flatten_2 (Flatten)          (None, 6400)              0         
_________________________________________________________________
dense_3 (Dense)              (None, 512)               3277312   
_________________________________________________________________
dense_4 (Dense)              (None, 6)                 3078      
=================================================================
Total params: 3,358,374
Trainable params: 3,358,374
Non-trainable params: 0

Test

You can test the code by only loading the model with following code:

import gym
import cv2
import numpy as np
from keras.models import load_model

def downsample(observation):
	s = cv2.cvtColor(observation[30:,:,:], cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
	s = cv2.resize(s, (80,80), interpolation = cv2.INTER_AREA) 
	s = s/255.0
	return s

def update_state(state,observation):
	ds_observation = downsample(observation)
	state.append(ds_observation)
	if len(state) > 4:
		state.pop(0)

def sample_action(model,s):
	return np.argmax(model.predict(np.array([np.stack((s[0],s[1],s[2],s[3]),axis=2)]))[0])

env = gym.make('Pong-v0')
model = load_model('model.h5')
done = False
state = []
observation = env.reset()
update_state(state,observation)

while not done:
	env.render()
	if len(state) < 4:
		action = env.action_space.sample()
	else:
		action = sample_action(model,state)
	observation, reward, done, _ = env.step(action)
	update_state(state,observation)

Reference

Playing Atari with Deep Reinforcement Learning


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