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TL;DR ExpressJS & VueJS Web App Cookbook, Customisable CRUD Library, CI/CD, Cloud Container Deployment, Web Components, ES Modules, Vite, AMP

Latest Version 0.4.6 - Released 2021 Feb 21 0430 +8GMT


  • Frontend Examples
    • Vanilla JS, ES Modules, Vue3 & bulma: No bundler, scalable VueJS Application, example codes (signed uploads, JWT refresh token, OTP), recaptcha, Github OAuth2 login, web component table and form, CRUD backend
    • Vite, Vue3 & mwc, vaadin: Web Components, Leaflet Map, ECharts, Webcam, Signature canvas, PWA, , JWT refresh token, 2FA GA OTP, SAML, Websockets
    • SPA, Vue2 & Vuetify: Graphql (subscriptions, cache, optimistic UI, refetch queries), REST, VueCrudX, i18n, RxJS
  • Express JS Backend
    • Cors, proxy middleware, helmet, error handling, logging, OpenAPI
    • Objection ORM, Knex, MongoDb, Relational DB data example, migration, seed, GraphQL, Redis
    • Webpush & FCM push notification, Sendgrid email, Nexmo SMS, Telegram
    • AgendaJS message queue
    • File uploads, Signed URL file upload to GCP Storage
    • Websockets, graphql
    • JWT using RSA, JWT refresh token, token in HttpOnly cookies, GA OTP, role, Passport SAML
    • Unit Test & Integration Test
  • AMP: AMP (Accelerated Mobile Page) application sample (Work In Progress)
  • Development & Deployment


Docker is required to test

  • mongodb
  • saml
  • hashicorp vault
  • kafka

Backend, Native (no bundler), Vite, Webpacked (deprecated)

# clone repo and install backend
git clone
cd vue-crud-x

ExpressJS Backend Setup & Run - development environment


# install
cd example-app
npm i
npm i ../@es-labs/esm
npm i ../@es-labs/node


  • MongoDB examples needs MongoDB to work. To resolve, chose one of the methods to install MongoDB in docs/mongodb/
  • The example-app/config/secret/*.inv,js files not present. So there maybe some console log errors (but it is ok to ignore), graphql and websockets will not work. Quick start is still usable. Use the to fill up

Run migration & app

# create and seed relational db on SQLite, (delete the dev.sqlite file each time before you run this)
npm run knex # windows
npm run knex:unix # linux or mac

# create and seed MongoDB requires MongoDB - you can skip this but MongoDB examples will not work
npm run mongo # windows
npm run mongo:unix # linux or mac

# run the backend
npm run app # windows
npm run app:unix # linux or mac

Visit the following URLs

No bundler frontend

See native app above


To run unit & integration test on /api/authors. E2E testing is Work In Progress

TO TEST EVERYTHING PLEASE change describe.only(...) to describe(...) in the test scripts in example-app/tests

npm run test # windows
npm run test:unix # linux or mac

Long Running Processes and Cron Triggered Process

Command to run long process (do take note of caveats, for production need a monitor to handle restart strategy)

npm run process-long # windows
npm run process-long:unix # linux or mac

Command to simulate process triggered by cron (NOTE: may be better to use cron to call API than trigger a process)

npm run process-cron # windows
npm run process-cron:unix # linux or mac

Vite SPA Setup & Run - development environment

Why Use Vite

MongoDB required for testing CRUD table to work

For Push Notification

  • using Google FCM, setup your firebase account and messaging, also setup FCM server key in backend
  • using self hosted webpush is also supported and available
cd example-vite
npm i
npm run dev

Navigate to to view application

Login using the following:

  • User: test
  • Password: test
  • OTP (if enabled - e.g. USE_OTP=TEST): use 111111 as otp pin

You can test PWA Push notifications using Webpush or FCM () on Dashboard page depending on .env. file configuration (need to be on

Click the following buttons in order (see their output in console.log and screen):

  • sub PN (subscribe)
  • Test PN (send a test message to user id 1 - on sqlite)
  • Unsub PN (unsubscribe)

Webpack SPA Setup & Run - development environment

cd example-webpack
npm i
npm run serve

Navigate to to view application with VueCrudX demo

Login is same as Vite SPA

Vite SPA - static build

cd example-vite
npm run dev:build # windows
npm run dev:build:unix # linux or mac

example-app should be running

Navigate to

Webpack SPA - static build

From vue-crud-x folder

cd example-webpack
npm run build

example-app should be running

Navigate to

Why No SSR or SSG


Refer to link below on how to try out...

Using The Common Libraries In Your Own Application

  1. example-app for backend example
  • example-app/express for common codes used in express
  1. example-native for vanillaJS frontend example

  2. example-vite for Vite Vue3 frontend example

  • example-vite/lib/rollup for common codes to be used by Vite Vue 3
  1. example-webpack for Webpack Vue2 frontend example
  • example-webpack/lib/webpacked for common codes to be used by Webpacked Vue 2 applications
  1. lib
  • /esm for common javascript libraries using ES Modules
  • /node for common NodeJS libraries

Environment Settings

  • In package.json Files
    • Set environment using config.env property (development, uat, staging, production)
  "config": {
    "env": "development",


The example-app/config/ folder contains the config information.

You can override the configurations using <NODE_ENV>.env.js files, e.g. development.env.js or uat.env.js in example-app/config

If too many config properties, split it to other more and files

Project Strcuture

+- .circleci/ : not used
+- .github/ : github related CICD and automations
+- @es-labs/ : shared libraries
|  +- esm/ : es modules
|     +- package.json
|  +- node/ : nodejs libraries
|     +- auth/ : authentication
|     +- comms/ : messaging
|     +- services/ : db
|     +- config.default.js: the base config
|     +- config.js: the base config
|     +- package.json
+- docker-devenv/ : docker for development environment
+- docs/ : documentation
+- example-amp/ : AMP example (TBD)
+- example-app/ : example backend - See example-app/ for Project Structure
+- example-native/ : frontend associated to backend (Vue3 no bundle) - See example-native/ for Project Structure
+- example-vite/ : frontend associated to backend - (Vue3 rollup) - See example-vite/ for Project Structure
|  +- lib/esm-rollup/ : rolled up components for frontend (e.g. apollo.js)
+- example-vite-antd/ : incorporate antdesign vue for rapid dashboard prototyping
+- example-webpack/ : frontend associated to the backend (Vue2 webpack) - See example-webpack/ for Project Structure
|  +- lib/webpacked/ : webpacked components for frontend (e.g. VueCrudX.vue)
+- k8s/ : kubernetes YAML files (WIP)
+- .editorconfig
+- .gitignore
+- package.json
+- rest-cmd.http : rest commands for testing


Using github actions

Manually triggered deployment on .github/workflows/manual.yml

selectable inputs

  • environment (uat for now, development does not deploy anything)
  • application (example-app, example-vite)
  • code branch

NOTE config/secret contents will not be in repo for CI/CD (so you can get errors), those should be put in VAULT

current secrets

  • VAULT_uat, passed in as VAULT
# do not merge

# connect to a hashicorp vault and obtain secrets to merge
VAULT={ url, token } # base64 encoded

 # pass in secrets, this way is insecure and not a good way to send in secrets
VAULT={ secrets: { ... all your secrets here } } # base64 encoded



  • v0.4+ Improve folders and structure organization, handle CI/CD better
  • v0.3+ Reorganize folders and structure, for ease of developing and maintaining multiple applications.
  • v0.2+ uses Vuetify 2. Due to many breaking changes from Vuetify 1 to 2, CRUD component code was refactored to be more UI framework agnostic (reduce dependencies!), easier to use, improving code quality, documentation and supprting article - VueJS+ExpressJS CRUD & Cookbook
  • v0.1 and Vuetify 1 will be supported under the v1 branch. You can refer to the v1 Legacy Article (For Historical Reference)


Login Screen

  • recaptcha


Table & Filter

  • filter
  • pagination



  • custom form slot
  • tags and lazy-load autocomplete
  • click button to child table


Inline Edit

  • inline edit
  • date-picker, select and other controls


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